Its area is 8,960 square miles (23,200 square kilometers).
The soil is rocky and sandy and lies on volcanic layers.
Overall, there are 5 languages spoken in the country of Djibouti: Afar, Somali, Arab, French, and Ta’izzi-Adeni (Arab-based, spoken by a few Arabs in Djibouti).
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The country was created by France in the late nineteenth century during the colonial scramble for Africa.
In 1977, it became independent after having been a protectorate and colony for more than a century.
French is used as the medium of instructions in schools, both primary and secondary, as well as in businesses and in the government. However, only a few percentage of the population are literate in the country’s official languages.
Only the elite are well-versed and can communicate using the French language, while the rest of the Djibouti people speak their native languages.
Fishing in the Red Sea provides a limited source of income; horticulture is possible only on a small scale.Unfortunately, this language is not used in schools and is hardly ever written.The Afar language on the other hand is also one of the native languages and is spoken by the Afars in the country.Somali and Afar are the country’s native languages.Somali is the most widely spoken language with almost 300,000 speakers.
Apart from Djibouti City, the capital and large urban center, there are a few small towns: Tadjoura, Obock, Dikhil, Ali Sabieh, and Yoboki. The population in 1999 was estimated at about 640,000.